Duke Medical Center Library & Archives

Added Sugars May Affect Cholesterol
Posted On: Tuesday, May 11, 2010 - 12:10 by Adrianne Leonardelli

You may want to think twice before drinking that soda! A study, appearing recently in JAMA, concluded that people who consumed diets high in added sugars had lower HDL (good) cholesterol and higher triglyceride levels. When participants’ sugar intake was 25% or more of total consumed calories, HDL cholesterol was 47.7 mg/dL and triglyceride levels were 114 mg. In comparison, participants who consumed 5% or less of daily calories from sugar had higher levels of HDL cholesterol (58.7 mg/dL) and lower triglycerides (105 mg).

Read a more complete excerpt of this study.

Source: Welsh JA. Caloric sweetener consumption and dyslipidemia among US adults....


The World Bank Opens Access to Data
Posted On: Monday, May 3, 2010 - 11:19 by Beverly Murphy

More free data at your fingertips! The World Bank now allows access to its global development... MORE

Tags: statistics, research

Crude Oil Spills and Human Health
Posted On: Thursday, April 29, 2010 - 12:08 by Beverly Murphy

A page of links to information on Crude Oil Spills and Human Health is now available from the National Library of Medicine.

The page provides links to information on how the United States responds to oil spills, state agencies in the Gulf region that respond to spills, occupational hazards for professionals and volunteers assisting with clean-up, seafood safety and more.

The links under "Featured Sites" focus on the latest updates about the recent spill and subsequent controlled burning of crude oil in the Gulf of Mexico. This spill followed the explosion and sinking of the Deepwater Horizon Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit oil platform 50 miles southeast of the Mississippi Delta on April 20, 2010.... MORE

Featured Resource: HealthPathNC
Posted On: Saturday, April 17, 2010 - 10:00 by Beverly Murphy

Public health–related documents are well represented within the State Library of North Carolina's digital collections. To provide a convenient access point to this information, and in preparation for future digitization efforts, they are introducing a new portal: HealthPathNC. Through this portal, you can access materials available in popular current collections like those on eugenics in North Carolina and the influenza epidemic of 1918– 1919. You can also more easily find groups of topically related public health documents. HealthPathNC includes multiple methods for accessing the public health collection, including keyword searching, browsing, and selecting from a variety of popular health topics. There is also a list of general resources... MORE

Tags: statistics, research

Proton-Pump Inhibitors and Clopidogrel: Important Interaction?
Posted On: Wednesday, April 14, 2010 - 08:53 by Beverly Murphy

Coronary heart disease patients who received both drugs experienced fewer hospitalizations for gastrointestinal bleeding than did those who received clopidogrel alone.

Researchers have suggested that concomitant use of clopidogrel and proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) is associated with elevated risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events. In this retrospective cohort study, investigators reviewed Tennessee Medicaid data for 20,596 patients who received clopidogrel after hospitalization for myocardial infarctions (MIs), coronary artery revascularization, or unstable angina during a 7-year period; 37% received concomitant PPI therapy.

PPI recipients experienced fewer hospitalizations for gastrointestinal bleeding than did nonrecipients (8.2 vs. 12.2 per 1000 person-years... MORE

Cancer Surgery, Diabetes & Mortality
Posted On: Thursday, April 8, 2010 - 17:21 by Adrianne Leonardelli

In a systematic review and meta-analysis appearing in the April 2010 edition of Diabetes Care, researchers conclude that "cancer patients with preexisting diabetes are about 50% more likely to die after surgery than their nondiabetic counterparts".

The abstract of this article, Postoperative Mortality in Cancer Patients With Preexisting Diabetes, can be found online at: http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/33/4/931

Health Care Reform News and Views
Posted On: Monday, April 5, 2010 - 12:29 by Beverly Murphy

The Washington Post has created a special section on the health care reform bill and associated news. View the full suite of stories and features online at http://voices.washingtonpost.com/health-care-reform/.

The Great Prostate Mistake
Posted On: Monday, March 15, 2010 - 08:14 by Beverly Murphy

The inventor of the PSA test for prostate cancer screening Prof Richard Ablin, in a very recent op-ed in the NY Times, today regrets his invention and rues how it has led to a multi-billion dollar profit driven public health disaster in the USA . He writes - I never dreamed that my discovery four decades ago would lead to such a profit-driven public health disaster. The medical community must confront reality and stop the inappropriate use of P.S.A. screening. Doing so would save billions of dollars and rescue millions of men from unnecessary, debilitating treatments.

You can read the entire editorial at the following Web-link:

The Wireless Future of Medicine
Posted On: Wednesday, March 10, 2010 - 09:43 by Beverly Murphy

Eric Topol: The Wireless Future of Medicine (17 min video)

Check out this TED talk on using mobile devices in health care. See some of the technology that can "take individualized medicine to a new height."

Eric Topol says we'll soon use our smartphones to monitor our vital signs and chronic conditions. At TEDMED, he highlights several of the most important wireless devices in medicine's future -- all helping to keep more of us out of hospital beds.

Tags: smartphone, mobile apps

CDC Releases County-Level Atlas of Heart Disease Hospitalizations
Posted On: Friday, March 5, 2010 - 11:53 by Beverly Murphy

The CDC recently released the 2010 Atlas of Heart Disease Hospitalizations Among Medicare Beneficiaries, its first atlas showing hospitalization rates for heart disease at the county level. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the US. These new maps chart wide disparities based on race/ethnicity and geographic location.

2010 Atlas of Heart Disease Hospitalizations Among Medicare Beneficiaries:

Interactive Heart Disease & Stroke Maps:

Tags: statistics, research

Online Encyclopedias Available
Posted On: Thursday, February 25, 2010 - 13:06 by Beverly Murphy

Starting a research project or paper and need some help identifying or learning more about a topic? Many health-related encyclopedias are available online, including:

Visit the Sage Reference Online Health and Social Welfare collection to... MORE

CDC Releases 2009 U.S. Health Stats
Posted On: Monday, February 22, 2010 - 13:13 by Beverly Murphy

The CDC's National Center for Health Statistics has released its annual report, titled Health, United States, 2009. This year's edition contains a special focus on medical technology. The report is available for free online:

  1. The complete report (PDF; 574 pages)
  2. "In Brief" edition (PDF; 15 pages)
  3. The CDC's Health United States Website also contains special topics and downloadable presentations and charts.

A couple of findings from the data:

  • The gap in life expectancy at birth between white persons and black persons persists but has narrowed since 1990.
  • ...

Want to schedule a meeting the fast and easy way?
Posted On: Wednesday, February 17, 2010 - 12:59 by Beverly Murphy

Doodle takes the pain out of finding the right date and time for a group of people to meet and makes scheduling virtually effortless. The basic service is a free online coordination tool which requires neither registration nor software installation.

Doodle lets you create a poll with available dates and times for your meeting, allowing for different time zones. Doodle will then send you a web link to the schedule which you in turn email to your participants. They use the link to check their availability. The end result is an easy to view list of participants with their availability for the times listed in the poll.

Draft of new DSM-5 available for comment
Posted On: Thursday, February 11, 2010 - 12:10 by Beverly Murphy

The definition, diagnosis and recommended treatment for some medical disorders are in the process of revision. After 16 years, the American Psychiatric Association wants to update the bible of psychiatry, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders universally known as the DSM.

The new draft of DSM-V includes important changes to bipolar disorder, binged eating, autism and substance abuse, changes that affect not only mental health professionals and their patients but the insurance companies that also use the DSM as a guide.

Over the years, the DSM has generated controversy and criticism for what it defines as a medical disorder and what it doesn't.

Related news stories:
... MORE

Lancet retracts article linking vaccines and autism
Posted On: Thursday, February 4, 2010 - 11:27 by Beverly Murphy

The journal Lancet has retracted the 1998 article linking mercury in vaccines.

The text from the editors is short:
Following the judgment of the UK General Medical Council's Fitness to Practise Panel on Jan 28, 2010, it has become clear that several elements of the 1998 paper by Wakefield et al are incorrect, contrary to the findings of an earlier investigation. In particular, the claims in the original paper that children were "consecutively referred" and that... MORE